daisy (Gänseblümchen)

Conjugation of verbs: gehen, rennen, sagen, sprechen

What I wrote before, is still true: an important part of knowing the basics of German is knowing the conjugation of common verbs, here demonstrated in the present indicative tense (in German: Indikativ Präsens). -> Meaning of this verb mode: something is happening in the present tense.

grammatical person gehen rennen sagen sprechen
1. Pers. Sing.
ich
gehe renne sage spreche
2. Pers. Sing.
du
gehst rennst sagst sprichst
3. Pers. Sing.
er/sie/es
geht rennt sagt spricht
1. Pers. Plur.
wir
gehen rennen sagen sprechen
2. Pers. Plur.
ihr
geht rennt sagt sprecht
3. Pers. Plur.
sie
gehen rennen sagen sprechen

Examples:

  1. Ich gehe zur Schule. – I’m going to school.
  2. Ich renne nach Hause. – I’m running home.
  3. Ich sage dir etwas. – I’m telling you something.
  4. Ich spreche mit dir. – I’m talking to you. / I’m speaking with you.

 

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85 words you need to know in a supermarket – 85 Worte, die du im Supermarkt brauchst

These are some pretty common words. You may need to know these words,

if you have to talk about supermarkets because you need to buy something.

Deutsch: English:
Supermarkt (m) supermarket
Öffnungszeiten (pl)
opening hours
Anfahrtsweg (m)
directions,
travel route
Parkplatz (m)
parking,
parking space,
car park
Bushaltestelle (f) bus stop
Fahrradstellplatz (m)
bicycle parking
Einkaufswagen (m)
(shopping) cart,
(shopping) trolley
Einkaufskorb (m)
shopping basket

 ooo

if you want to pay for your purchases.

Zahlungsmöglichkeiten (pl)
payment options
Kasse (f)
checkout,
cash desk,
Kreditkartenzahlung (f)
credit card payment
Barzahlung (f)
cash,
cash payment,
EC-Karte (f)
EC card
Gutschein (m)
voucher,
coupon
Rabatt (m)
discount,
rebate,
reduction,
Treue-Punkte (pl) loyalty points

 ooo

if you have to talk about something you desperately need to do in the supermarket.

bezahlen,
zahlen
to pay
atmen to breathe
gehen to go,
to walk
aufs Klo gehen,
zur Toilette gehen
to go to the bathroom,
to go to the restroom,
to go to the loo,
….
ein Baby wickeln to put on a baby’s nappy,
to put on a baby’s diaper

 ooo

if you’re talking about or with  the employees of your supermarket.

Filialleiter (m)/
Filialleiterin (f)
branch manager,
store manager
Verkäufer (m)/
Verkäuferin (f)
shop assistant,
shop clerk
Kassierer (m) /
Kassiererin (f)
cashier,
clerk
Aushilfe (f) temp,
temporary employee,
substitute,
….

 ooo

if you have to  ask someone where you can find a certain product.

Angebot der Woche (n) offer of the week
Babybedarf (m)
baby needs,
baby products
Backwaren (pl)
baked goods,
bakery products,
pastries
Bekleidung (f)
clothing,
clothes
Brotaufstrich (m) spread
Bücher (pl)
books
Cappuccino (m)
cappuccino
CDs (pl)
CDs
Dessert (n) dessert
Eistee (m)
iced tea
Fertiggerichte (pl)
ready meals,
ready-made meals,
prepared dishes,
convenience food, …
Gebäck (n)
pastry,
pastries,
biscuits, …
Gemüse (n) vegetables (pl), …
Geschirr (n)
dishes,
tableware, …
Gesichtspflege (f)
facial care,
face care
Getränke (pl)
beverages,
drinks
Haarpflege (f)
hair care
Haushaltswaren (pl) household goods,
household items,
household articles,
housewares, …
Hygieneartikel (pl)
toiletries,
hygiene products,
sanitary products, …
Joghurt (m) yogurt,
yoghurt
Kaffee (m) coffee
Kartoffelchips (pl)
potato chips
Kartoffelprodukte (pl)
potato products
Käse (m) cheese
Kekse (pl) biscuits (BE),
cookies (AE)
Ketchup (n)
ketchup
Knabbereien (pl)
nibbles, munchies
Körperpflege (f)
body care,
personal hygiene
Konserven (pl)
preserves,
cans,
canned foods,
canned goods,
preserved foods, …
Kuchen (m)
cake,
pie, …
Kühltheke (f)
refrigerated counter,
cooling counter
Limonade (f)
lemonade
Make-up (n)
makeup,
make up
Milch (f)
milk
Milchprodukte (pl) milk products
Mundpflege (f)
oral care, oral hygiene
Müsli (n)
cereals, muesli
Nudeln (pl)
noodels
Nüsse (pl)
nuts
Obst (n)
fruit
Pralinen (pl) chocolates,
pralines
Putzmittel (pl)
cleaning agents,
cleaning products,
cleaning materials
Quark (m)
quark,
curd,
curd cheese
Reis (m)
rice
Schnuller (m)
soother,
pacifier (AE),
dummy (BE)
Schorle (f) spritzer
Schokolade (f)
chocolate
Schreibwaren (pl) stationery,
office supplies,
writing materials
Senf (m) mustard
Spielzeug (n) toy,
toys
Spirituosen (pl) spirit,
spirit drinks,
liquor
Spülmittel (m)
detergent,
washing-up liquid
Süßwaren (pl)
confectioneries
Tee (m)
tea
Tierbedarf (m)
animal needs,
pet supplies, …
Trockenfrüchte (pl) dried fruit
Wasser (m) water
Waschmittel (n)
detergent,
washing powder,
washing agent
Wein (m)
 wine
Zahnpflege (f)
dental hygiene,
dental care

50 words you need to know – 50 Worte, die du kennen solltest

These are some words, you really need to know:

if you have to answer a question.

Deutsch: English:
Ja! Yes!
Nein! No!
vielleicht perhaps
Ich weiß nicht! I don’t know!
Keine Ahnung! No idea!

  ooo

to talk about your family.

Familie (f) family
Mama (f) mum,
mom,
mommy,
Mutter (f) mother
Papa (m) Dad,
Daddy,
Vater (m)
father
Kind (n) child
Kinder (pl)
children
Tochter (f)
daughter
Sohn (m) son
Bruder (m) brother
Schwester (f) sister
Oma (f)
grandma,
granny,
gran,
Opa (m) grandpa,
granddad,
..
Tante (f)
aunt
Onkel (m) uncle

ooo

if someone breaks the law.

Hilfe! Help!
Feuer! Fire!
Polizei! Police!
Strafanzeige stellen to report an offense,
to register an official complaint
jmd. anzeigen to file charges against so.
jmd. anklagen to accuse so.
Anwalt (m),
Anwältin (f)
advocate,
attorney,
lawyer,
counsel,
Richter (m),
Richterin (f)
judge,
magistrate,
Gericht (n)
court
Angeklagte (m/f) accused,
defendant

 ooo

if you have to go shopping.

einkaufen gehen to go shopping
Einkaufsliste (f) shopping list
Einkäufe (pl) shopping
Supermarkt (m) supermarket
Wochenmarkt (m)
farmer’s market
Metzger (m),
Metzgerin (f)
butcher
Bäcker (m),
Bäckerin (f)
baker
Drogerie (f)
drugstore,
chemist
Apotheke (f)
pharmacy
Fachgeschäft (n) specialist shop,
specialist store

 ooo

..or use common services.

Dienstleistungen (pl) services
Bank (f)
bank
Arzt (m),
Ärztin (f)
doctor
Klinik (f)
clinic
Restaurant (n) restaurant
Hotel (n)
hotel
Beratungsstelle (f)
information centre
Schule (f)
school
Rathaus (n)
town hall,
city hall
Landratsamt (n) District Office