Feigenbaum

Step 6 – Buying groceries (Lebensmittel einkaufen) – a necessary part of our day-to-day life

Groceries can usually be bought at a supermarket or a weekly market (farmers’ market). German cities and villages do usually have at least one supermarket and often a farmers’ market every Wednesday and/or every Saturday, depending on the size and need of the city.

English: German:
groceries Lebensmittel (pl)
Saturday Samstag (m)
supermarket Supermarkt (m)
Wednesday Mittwoch (m)
weekly market,
farmers’ market
Wochenmarkt (m)

If you’re interested in visiting a weekly market (you’ll need the location!), read the local newspaper or ask someone in the city hall, there’s usually at least one person whose job it is  to answer questions of citizens and visitors. This person can easily be found by using the internet, just enter the name of your city and “tourist information” in your preferred search engine.

Alternatively you can also use the name of your city and the word “Wochenmarkt” to search for the weekly market on the internet. Location and time can often be found on the website of the city.

For buying groceries, you definitely need to know what to buy! This means that you need to know your vocabulary:

 

Baked goods – Backwaren

WP_20160328_15_03_05_Pro
Try baking your own pastries! You might even have fun 🙂
baked goods,
bakery products,
pastries
Backwaren (pl)
additives Zusatzstoffe (pl)
biscuits,
cookies
Kekse (pl)
biscuits,
pastries,
cake
Gebäck (n)
bread Brot (n)
cake Kuchen (m)
flour Mehl (n)
gluten Gluten (n)
nuts Nüsse (pl)
roll,
bread roll
Semmel (f),
Brötchen (n)
sugar Zucker (m)
white bread Weißbrot (n)
white flour Weißmehl (n)
wholegrain bread,
wholemeal bread
Vollkornbrot (n)
wholemeal,
wholemeal flour
Vollkornmehl (n)

 

Beverages -Getränke

Balm
Balm (Zitronenmelisse [f]) is often used for adding flavor to cocktails (Cocktail [m]) or salads (Salat [m]).- It’s useful, healthy  and can also be used for making tea.
apple juice Apfelsaft (m)
beverages Getränke (pl)
cappuccino Cappuccino (m)
chocolate,
drinking chocolate
Schokolade (f),
Trinkschokolade (f)
coffee Kaffee (m)
coffee beans Kaffeebohnen (pl)
coffee powder Kaffeepulver (n)
lemonade Zitronenlimonade (f)
lemonade,
soft drink,
soda
Limonade (f)
orangeade Orangenlimonade (f)
orange juice Orangensaft (m)
red wine Rotwein (m)
juice Saft (m)
water Wasser (n)
carbonated water,
sparkling water
Wasser mit Kohlensäure
still water,
noncarbonated water
Wasser ohne Kohlensäure
wine Wein (m)
white wine Weißwein (m)

 

 Vegetables -Gemüse

rhubarb
Rhubarb – Rhabarber
aubergine (BE),
eggplant (AE)
Aubergine (f)
asparagus Spargel (m)
bean Bohne (f)
beetroot,
red beet,
beet
Rote Bete (f)
broccoli Brokkoli (m),
Broccoli (m)
cabbage,
white cabbage
Weißkohl (m)
carrot Karotte (f)
chicory Chicoree (m)
chillies Peperoni (f)
cauliflower Blumenkohl (f)
cucumber Gurke (f)
cucurbit,
squash,
pumpkin
Kürbis (m)
garlic Knoblauch (m)
iceberg lettuce Eisbergsalat (m)
kohlrabi Kohlrabi (m)
leek Lauch (m)
lettuce Salat(m)
onion Zwiebel (f)
maize,
sweet corn
Mais (m)
mushroom Champignon (m)
pea Erbse (f)
pepper,
capsicum,
paprika
Paprika (m)
potato Kartoffel (f)
radish Radieschen (n)
red cabbage Rotkohl (m)
rhubarb,
pieplant
Rhabarber (m)
tomato Tomate (f)
zucchini (AE) ,
courgette (BE)
Zucchini (f)

 

 Fruit – Obst

apple tree
An apple tree – Ein Apfelbaum
apple Apfel (m)
banana Banane (f)
blackberry Brombeere (f)
blueberry Heidelbeere (f)
cherry Kirsche (f)
cowberry,
lingonberry,
lowbush cranberry
Preiselbeere (f)
cranberry Cranberry (f)
currant Johannisbeere (f)
dragon fruit Drachenfrucht (f)
lychee,
lichee,
litchi
Litschi (f)
mandarin,
mandarin orange
Mandarine (f)
mango Mango(f)
orange Apfelsine (f),
Orange (f)
passion fruit,
granadilla
Maracuja (f)
peach Pfirsich (m)
pear Birne (f)
pineapple Ananas (f)
raspberry Himbeere (f)
strawberry Erdbeere (f)

 ooo

Don’t let yourself be discouraged! Many people understand enough English to help you with your shopping. Even if you don’t remember instantly how something is called, you can always ask  an employee or another customer. They might be able to help you out.

 

Step 5 – Going to the doctor (Zum Arzt gehen)- What’s to know about that?

In principle, going to the doctor works the same way in every country:

  • you fall ill
  • you look for a doctor
  • you find a doctor
  • you call the doctor
  • you go to the doctor

So, what’s to know about going to the doctor in Germany? It’s all in the details. You need the necessary vocabulary to tell the doctor about your symptoms, that’s obvious.

But before you even get there, you need to sort out these formalities:

  1. Are you insured? You need health insurance.
  2. You need to call and make an  appointment. In case of a medical emergency, you might get one on the same day, but you need to call the doctor’s practice anyway. The receptionist will arrange an appointment for you.  – By the way, the same is true if you need an appointment in a hospital.

Once you have your appointment, you’ll have to be there on time. Expect a certain waiting period that you’ll have to spend in the waiting room. The waiting time can range from several minutes to several hours, depending on the number of patients needing an appointment.

apples (Äpfel)
An apple a day keeps the doctor away?

Let’s learn some words you’ll probably need to know in German:

English: Deutsch:
appointment Termin (m)
I need an appointment, please. Ich brauche bitte einen Termin.
consultation hour,
consultation hours
Sprechstunde (f)
doctor,
physician
Doktor (m),
Arzt (m),
Ärztin (f)
doctor’s practice Arztpraxis (f)
family doctor,
family physician
Hausarzt (m)
general practitioner,
GP
Allgemeinarzt (m),
Allgemeinmediziner (m),
Allgemeinärztin (f),
Allgemeinmediziner (f)
health insurance card Krankenversicherungskarte (f)
insurance,
health insurance,
sickness insurance
Versicherung (f),
Krankenversicherung (f)
to be insured versichert sein
medical history,
anamnesis
Krankengeschichte (f),
Vorgeschichte (f),
Anamnese (f)
medicine Medizin (f)
to take medicine Medizin einnehmen
medication,
medicines,
drugs
Medikamente (f)
nurse Schwester (f),
Krankenschwester (f),
Pfleger (m),
Krankenpfleger (m)
pain Schmerz (m)
to be in pain Schmerzen haben
patient Patient (m),
Patientin (f)
pre-existing condition,
previous illness
Vorerkrankung (f)
receptionist,
doctor’s assistant
Arzthelfer (m),
Arzthelferin (f)
specialist,
medical specialist
Facharzt (m),
Fachärztin (f)
symptom Symptom (n)

If you don’t have any  prior knowledge of German, visiting a German doctor might be quite difficult. But don’t despair, many German doctors know at least a little bit English 😉 So it’ll probably not be as difficult as you think.

If you want to prepare, make a list of your symptoms and then, while you’re talking with your doctor, use English, German and sign language, to get your point across.

85 words you need to know in a supermarket – 85 Worte, die du im Supermarkt brauchst

These are some pretty common words. You may need to know these words,

if you have to talk about supermarkets because you need to buy something.

Deutsch: English:
Supermarkt (m) supermarket
Öffnungszeiten (pl)
opening hours
Anfahrtsweg (m)
directions,
travel route
Parkplatz (m)
parking,
parking space,
car park
Bushaltestelle (f) bus stop
Fahrradstellplatz (m)
bicycle parking
Einkaufswagen (m)
(shopping) cart,
(shopping) trolley
Einkaufskorb (m)
shopping basket

 ooo

if you want to pay for your purchases.

Zahlungsmöglichkeiten (pl)
payment options
Kasse (f)
checkout,
cash desk,
Kreditkartenzahlung (f)
credit card payment
Barzahlung (f)
cash,
cash payment,
EC-Karte (f)
EC card
Gutschein (m)
voucher,
coupon
Rabatt (m)
discount,
rebate,
reduction,
Treue-Punkte (pl) loyalty points

 ooo

if you have to talk about something you desperately need to do in the supermarket.

bezahlen,
zahlen
to pay
atmen to breathe
gehen to go,
to walk
aufs Klo gehen,
zur Toilette gehen
to go to the bathroom,
to go to the restroom,
to go to the loo,
….
ein Baby wickeln to put on a baby’s nappy,
to put on a baby’s diaper

 ooo

if you’re talking about or with  the employees of your supermarket.

Filialleiter (m)/
Filialleiterin (f)
branch manager,
store manager
Verkäufer (m)/
Verkäuferin (f)
shop assistant,
shop clerk
Kassierer (m) /
Kassiererin (f)
cashier,
clerk
Aushilfe (f) temp,
temporary employee,
substitute,
….

 ooo

if you have to  ask someone where you can find a certain product.

Angebot der Woche (n) offer of the week
Babybedarf (m)
baby needs,
baby products
Backwaren (pl)
baked goods,
bakery products,
pastries
Bekleidung (f)
clothing,
clothes
Brotaufstrich (m) spread
Bücher (pl)
books
Cappuccino (m)
cappuccino
CDs (pl)
CDs
Dessert (n) dessert
Eistee (m)
iced tea
Fertiggerichte (pl)
ready meals,
ready-made meals,
prepared dishes,
convenience food, …
Gebäck (n)
pastry,
pastries,
biscuits, …
Gemüse (n) vegetables (pl), …
Geschirr (n)
dishes,
tableware, …
Gesichtspflege (f)
facial care,
face care
Getränke (pl)
beverages,
drinks
Haarpflege (f)
hair care
Haushaltswaren (pl) household goods,
household items,
household articles,
housewares, …
Hygieneartikel (pl)
toiletries,
hygiene products,
sanitary products, …
Joghurt (m) yogurt,
yoghurt
Kaffee (m) coffee
Kartoffelchips (pl)
potato chips
Kartoffelprodukte (pl)
potato products
Käse (m) cheese
Kekse (pl) biscuits (BE),
cookies (AE)
Ketchup (n)
ketchup
Knabbereien (pl)
nibbles, munchies
Körperpflege (f)
body care,
personal hygiene
Konserven (pl)
preserves,
cans,
canned foods,
canned goods,
preserved foods, …
Kuchen (m)
cake,
pie, …
Kühltheke (f)
refrigerated counter,
cooling counter
Limonade (f)
lemonade
Make-up (n)
makeup,
make up
Milch (f)
milk
Milchprodukte (pl) milk products
Mundpflege (f)
oral care, oral hygiene
Müsli (n)
cereals, muesli
Nudeln (pl)
noodels
Nüsse (pl)
nuts
Obst (n)
fruit
Pralinen (pl) chocolates,
pralines
Putzmittel (pl)
cleaning agents,
cleaning products,
cleaning materials
Quark (m)
quark,
curd,
curd cheese
Reis (m)
rice
Schnuller (m)
soother,
pacifier (AE),
dummy (BE)
Schorle (f) spritzer
Schokolade (f)
chocolate
Schreibwaren (pl) stationery,
office supplies,
writing materials
Senf (m) mustard
Spielzeug (n) toy,
toys
Spirituosen (pl) spirit,
spirit drinks,
liquor
Spülmittel (m)
detergent,
washing-up liquid
Süßwaren (pl)
confectioneries
Tee (m)
tea
Tierbedarf (m)
animal needs,
pet supplies, …
Trockenfrüchte (pl) dried fruit
Wasser (m) water
Waschmittel (n)
detergent,
washing powder,
washing agent
Wein (m)
 wine
Zahnpflege (f)
dental hygiene,
dental care

50 words you need to know – 50 Worte, die du kennen solltest

These are some words, you really need to know:

if you have to answer a question.

Deutsch: English:
Ja! Yes!
Nein! No!
vielleicht perhaps
Ich weiß nicht! I don’t know!
Keine Ahnung! No idea!

  ooo

to talk about your family.

Familie (f) family
Mama (f) mum,
mom,
mommy,
Mutter (f) mother
Papa (m) Dad,
Daddy,
Vater (m)
father
Kind (n) child
Kinder (pl)
children
Tochter (f)
daughter
Sohn (m) son
Bruder (m) brother
Schwester (f) sister
Oma (f)
grandma,
granny,
gran,
Opa (m) grandpa,
granddad,
..
Tante (f)
aunt
Onkel (m) uncle

ooo

if someone breaks the law.

Hilfe! Help!
Feuer! Fire!
Polizei! Police!
Strafanzeige stellen to report an offense,
to register an official complaint
jmd. anzeigen to file charges against so.
jmd. anklagen to accuse so.
Anwalt (m),
Anwältin (f)
advocate,
attorney,
lawyer,
counsel,
Richter (m),
Richterin (f)
judge,
magistrate,
Gericht (n)
court
Angeklagte (m/f) accused,
defendant

 ooo

if you have to go shopping.

einkaufen gehen to go shopping
Einkaufsliste (f) shopping list
Einkäufe (pl) shopping
Supermarkt (m) supermarket
Wochenmarkt (m)
farmer’s market
Metzger (m),
Metzgerin (f)
butcher
Bäcker (m),
Bäckerin (f)
baker
Drogerie (f)
drugstore,
chemist
Apotheke (f)
pharmacy
Fachgeschäft (n) specialist shop,
specialist store

 ooo

..or use common services.

Dienstleistungen (pl) services
Bank (f)
bank
Arzt (m),
Ärztin (f)
doctor
Klinik (f)
clinic
Restaurant (n) restaurant
Hotel (n)
hotel
Beratungsstelle (f)
information centre
Schule (f)
school
Rathaus (n)
town hall,
city hall
Landratsamt (n) District Office

Step 4 – How to say “What do you want?” – “Was willst du?”

A very basic aspect of knowing a language is being able to say if you want something.

The following tables include phrases and words that can help you fulfill this task.

Deutsch: English:
Willst du…?
Wollen Sie…?
Do you want..?
Ich will… I want…
Ich will nicht… I don’t want…
Ja Yes
Nein No
Niemals! Never!
Vielleicht Perhaps
Ich weiß nicht. I don’t know.
Keine Ahnung! No idea!

 

Some examples:

1.Was willst du?  – What do you want?

Ich will Frieden. I want peace.
Ich will nicht Krieg.
Ich will keinen Krieg.
I don’t want war.

2.Willst du ein Haustier? – Do you want a pet?

Ich will eine Katze I want a cat.
Ich will nicht einen Hund.
Ich will keinen Hund.
I don’t want a dog.

3.Wollen Sie Wein? – Do you want wine?

Ja, ich will Wein. Yes, I want wine.
Nein, ich will nicht Wein.
Ich will keinen Wein.
No, I don’t want wine.

4.Willst du gehen? – Do you want to go?

Vielleicht,… .Ja, ja ich will gehen. Perhaps,…  . Yes, yes I want to go.
Nein, ich will noch nicht gehen. No, I don’t want to go yet.

5.Willst du fernsehen? – Do you want to watch TV?

Gute Idee! Ja, ich will fernsehen. Good idea! Yes, I want to watch TV.
Nein! Ich will nicht fernsehen. No! I don’t want to watch TV.

As you can see, the expressions “Ich will…/Ich will nicht..” are used to say, if you want something or not. This something can be an object, an idea, an activity or perhaps something completely different.

 

daffodils (Narzissen)
                            Me (wintertime): “I want sun, blooming daffodils, spring,…!”                                     Me (springtime): “It’s too sunny! Where are my sunglasses!”

  — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

 The crucial point is that you need to be able to understand, if someone gives you an affirmative or a negative answer.

The most important keywords are, as you probably already guessed, Ja and “Nein /Nicht“.

As the best way of learning is learning by doing, try some of these exercises, experience saying what you want in German and write down your answers, perhaps in your exercise book:

 A ) Be affirmative!

  1. Im Restaurant  – in the restaurant

Wollen Sie etwas zu trinken?  (Do you want something to drink?)

Nein, danke. (No, thank you.)

Ja, ich will …. (Yes, I want…)

Wasser, Tee, Saft, Limonade, Kaffee, Cappucino, Milch.

(water, tea, juice, lemonade, coffee, cappucino, milk,…)

 

2. Im Restaurant II

Wollen Sie etwas bestellen?   (Do you want to order something?)

Nein, danke. (No, thank you.)

Ja, ich will…

etwas bestellen, Salat, noch ein Getränk, die Spezialität des Hauses, Dessert / Nachtisch.

(to order something, salad, another beverage/drink, the house specialty /signature dish, dessert)

 

3. Beim Tanzen – Dancing

Willst du tanzen? (Do you want to dance?)

Nein, danke.   (No, thank you.)

Ja, ich will…

tanzen, Walzer tanzen, mit dir tanzen, die ganze Nacht tanzen.

(to dance, to waltz, to dance with you, to dance the night away)

 

B) Be negative!

Please note:

If you want to say that you don’t want a certain thing or a certain object, you use “Ich will nicht…” or “Ich will kein/e/n…”.

(…kein... – the following noun is neutral; …keine… – the following noun is female; …keinen… – the following noun is male.)

If you have to negate wanting an activity (usually expressed by using a verb) you use just “Ich will nicht…”

 

a) Ich will nicht…

gehen, rennen, schlafen, essen, trinken, aufhören, Bus fahren.

(to go, to run, to sleep, to eat, to drink, to stop, to take the bus)

 

b) Ich will kein..

Getränk, Dessert, Haustier, Kleid, Naturschauspiel.

(drink, dessert, pet, dress, natural spectacle)

 

c) Ich will keine…

Hilfe, Nachhilfe, Blume, Unterrichtsstunde, Lehrerin.

(help, private lessons, flower, lesson, teacher)

 

d) Ich will keinen..

Alkohol, Nachtisch, Kuchen, Sprachunterricht, Strafzettel.

(alcohol, dessert, cake, instruction in a language, parking ticket)

 

C) conjugation of “wollen”

wollen to want
ich will I want
du willst you want
er/sie/es will he/she/it wants
wir wollen we want
ihr wollt you want
sie wollen they want

By conjugating the verb “wollen”, you can build even more sentences:

Some examples:

  • I want cheese -> Ich will Käse. Du willst Käse. Er will Käse. Sie will Käse. Er will Käse. Wir wollen Käse. Ihr wollt Käse. Sie wollen Käse.
  • I don’t want cake-> Ich will keinen Kuchen. Du willst keinen Kuchen. Er will keinen Kuchen. Sie will keinen Kuchen. Er will keinen Kuchen. Wir wollen keinen Kuchen. Ihr wollt keinen Kuchen. Sie wollen keinen Kuchen.
  • I want to dance -> Ich will tanzen. Du willst tanzen. Er will tanzen. Sie will tanzen. Es will tanzen. Wir wollen tanzen. Ihr wollt tanzen. Sie wollen tanzen.
  • I don’t want to sleep -> Ich will nicht schlafen. Du willst nicht schlafen. Er will nicht schlafen. Sie will nicht schlafen. Es will nicht schlafen. Wir wollen nicht schlafen. Ihr wollt nicht schlafen. Sie wollen nicht schlafen.

Exercise: Try this conjugation on some of the sentences you wrote down in the previous exercises.

Spelling in German – Buchstabieren auf Deutsch

It’s often necessary to spell something. Possibly, because you don’t know how a word should be written, or someone asks you how they should write a word.

To do this efficiently in German, you need to know how the  letters are pronounced separately.

Alphabet: Pronunciation:
A  aa
B  be
C  tse
D  de
E  ee
F  ef
G  ge
H  ha
I  ii
J  iot
K  ka
L  el
M  em
N  en
O  oo
P  pe
Q  ku
R  er
S  es
T  te
U  uu
V  fau/fao
W  we
X  iks
Y  üpselon
Z  tset

Exercise: Try pronouncing the letters. Please repeat this exercise as often as necessary.

magnolia
Why don’t you try spelling magnolia? A magnolia (en) = eine Magnolie (dt)
lilac coloured flowers

Counting from 1 to 100 – von 1 bis 100 zählen

Whether you’re talking about your family or about groceries or simply about the time, you always need numbers. Well, at least if you’re talking about something that’s countable.

This overview shows you in detail the numbers 1 to 100 in German.

Exercise: Read the numbers out loud.

Number Deutsch:
1 eins
2 zwei
3 drei
4 vier
5 fünf
6 sechs
7 sieben
8 acht
9 neun
10 zehn
11 elf
12 zwölf
13 dreizehn
14 vierzehn
15 fünfzehn
16 sechzehn
17 siebzehn
18 achtzehn
19 neunzehn
20 zwanzig
21 einundzwanzig
22 zweiundzwanzig
23 dreiundzwanzig
24 vierundzwanzig
25 fünfundzwanzig
26 sechsundzwanzig
27 siebenundzwanzig
28 achtundzwanzig
29 neunundzwanzig
30 dreißig
31 einunddreißig
32 zweiunddreißig
33 dreiunddreißig
34 vierunddreißig
35 fünfunddreißig
36 sechsunddreißig
37 siebenunddreißig
38 achtunddreißig
39 neununddreißig
40 vierzig
41 einundvierzig
42 zweiundvierzig
43 dreiundvierzig
44 vierundvierzig
45 fünfundvierzig
46 sechsundvierzig
47 siebenundvierzig
48 achtundvierzig
49 neunundvierzig
50 fünfzig
51 einundfünfzig
52 zweiundfünfzig
53 dreiundfünfzig
54 vierundfünfzig
55 fünfundfünzig
56 sechsundfünfzig
57 siebenundfünfzig
58 achtundfünfzig
59 neunundfünfzig
60 sechzig
61 einundsechzig
62 zweiundsechzig
63 dreiundsechzig
64 vierundsechzig
65 fünfundsechzig
66 sechsundsechzig
67 siebenundsechzig
68 achtundsechzig
69 neunundsechzig
70 siebzig
71 einundsiebzig
72 zweiundsiebzig
73 dreiundsiebzig
74 vierundsiebzig
75 fünfundsiebzig
76 sechsundsiebzig
77 siebenundsiebzig
78 achtundsiebzig
79 neunundsiebzig
80 achtzig
81 einundachtzig
82 zweiundachtzig
83 dreiundachtzig
84 vierundachtzig
85 fünfundachtzig
86 sechsundachtzig
87 siebenundachtzig
88 achtundachtzig
89 neunundachtzig
90 neunzig
91 einundneunzig
92 zweiundneunzig
93 dreiundneunzig
94 vierundneunzig
95 fünfundneunzig
96 sechsundneunzig
97 siebenundneunzig
98 achtundneunzig
99 neunundneunzig
100 hundert /
einhundert

 

spider plant (Grünlilie)
Can you count the leaves?

Step 3 – Talking about family / Über Familie reden

Getting to know someone, sooner or later, leads to talking about family. After all, everyone wants to know at least a litte bit about the family background of close acquaintances or friends.

Of course, it’s noteworthy that “family (die Familie)” can be defined very differently. Some say family and mean the “nuclear family (die Kernfamilie)”  – a father, a mother and their children.

But family can be more! What about the grandparents, the aunts and the uncles. Are they not family? I do believe that family has a broader range than the so-called nuclear family. It definitely  has to include the relatives (die Verwandten / die Verwandtschaft), because what would we be without our grandparents and other relatives (cousins,… ).

If we want to, we can even include others in our personal concept of family. Best friends or significant others of our relatives are often included.

Since everyone has a different idea of family, it’s probably advisable to talk about family, at least sometimes.

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Some of these words may be of use to you, if you want to talk about family:

Deutsch: English:
Familie (f) family
Kernfamilie (f) nuclear family
Verwandtschaft (f) relatives
Bruder (m) brother
Cousin (m) cousin
Cousine (f) cousin
Cousin zweiten Grades second cousin
Cousine zweiten Grades second cousin
Ehefrau (f) wife,
spouse
Ehemann (m) husband,
spouse
Eltern (pl) parents
Elternteil (m) parent
Freund (m) friend
Freundin (f) friend
Großcousin (m) great cousin
Großcousine (f) great cousin
Großeltern (pl) grandparents (pl)
Großmutter (f) grandmother
Großonkel (m) grandfather
Großtante (f) great-aunt,
grandaunt
Großvater (m) great-uncle,
granduncle
Kind (n) child
Kinder (pl) children
Lebensgefährte (m),
Lebenspartner (m),
Partner (m)
companion,
partner,
life partner,
partner in life,
significant other,
spouse,
common-law spouse
Lebensgefährtin (f),
Lebenspartnerin (f),
Partnerin (f)
companion,
partner,
life partner,
partner in life,
significant other,
spouse,
common-law spouse
Mama (f) mum (AE),
mom (BE),
mama,
momma,
mommy
Mutter (f) mother
Oma (f) grandma,
grandmother,
granny,
gran,
nana
Opa (m) grandpa,
grandfather,
grandad,
granddad,
gramps
Papa (m) dad,
daddy,
papa,
pa,
pop,
poppa
Schwester (f) sister
Sohn (m) son
Tochter (f) daughter

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If you’ve just started learning German, you might find the following quite useful:

Ich habe… I have…
Ich liebe… I love…
Ich mag… I like…
Meine Familie ist… My family is…
Meine Mutter ist… My mother is…
Mein Vater ist… My father is…
Meine Großeltern leben… My grandparents live…

Some (fictional) examples, starting with “I have.. / Ich habe…”:

Ich habe einen Ehemann. I have a husband.
Ich habe eine Ehefrau. I have a wife.
Ich habe Kinder. I have children.
Ich habe keine Kinder. I don’t have children.
Ich habe eine Tochter und einen Sohn. I have a daughter and a son
Ich habe zehn Tanten und zwei Onkel. I have ten aunts and two uncles.
Ich habe zwei Kinder und meinen Ehemann / meine Ehefrau. Ich have two children and my husband / my wife.

As you can see, “Ich habe..” can be used to tell others about your family, the number of family members and of course also about the degree of relationship between you and them.

“Ich habe” is the first person singular of “haben”. Please note that you can conjugate this verb and use it in the same manner as “Ich habe”. An example:

  • Ich habe eine Familie. (1.Pers.Sing.)
  • Du hast eine Familie. (2.Pers. Sing.)
  • Er hat eine Familie./Sie hat eine Familie./Es hat eine Familie. (3. Pers. Sing.)
  • Wir haben eine Familie.(1. Pers. Plur.)
  • Ihr habt eine Familie.(2. Pers. Plur.)
  • Sie haben eine Familie. (3. Pers. Plur.)

 

Ich liebe meinen Ehemann. I love my husband.
Ich liebe meine Ehefrau. I love my wife.
Ich liebe meine Kinder. I love my children.
Ich liebe meine Freundin. I love my friend.
Ich liebe meinen Freund. I love my friend.

The conjugation of the German verb “lieben”:

  • Ich liebe meine Kinder.
  • Du liebst meine Kinder.
  • Er liebt meine Kinder./Sie liebt meine Kinder./Es liebt meine Kinder.
  • Wir lieben meine Kinder.
  • Ihr liebt meine Kinder.
  • Sie lieben meine Kinder.

 

Meine Familie ist ziemlich groß. My family is quite large.
Ich habe mehrere Kinder, viele Tanten und Onkel und sehr viele Cousinen und Cousins. I have several children, many aunts and uncles and a great number of cousins.
Meine Familie ist eher klein. My family is rather small.

The word “meine” is a possessive pronoun (besitzanzeigendes Fürwort / Possessivpronomen). At a later point in time, I’ll write more about possessive pronouns.

They’re truly quite fascinating, at least if you know more about them. As they are declinable, it’s necessary to know about them.  One example:

  • Meine Familie ist eher klein.
  • Deine Familie ist eher klein.
  • Seine Familie ist eher klein. /Ihre Familie ist eher klein. / Seine Familie ist eher klein.
  • Unsere Familie ist eher klein.
  • Eure Familie ist eher klein.
  • Ihre Familie ist eher klein.

 

Meine Großeltern leben in meinem Geburtsort. My grandparents live in my place of birth.
Meine Großeltern leben in Amsterdam. My grandparents live in Amsterdam.

The conjugation of the German verb “leben”:

  • ich lebe
  • du lebst
  • er lebt / sie lebt / es lebt
  • wir leben
  • ihr lebt
  • sie leben

 

Meine Mutter ist Kellnerin. My mother is a waitress.
Meine Mutter ist Polizistin. My mother is a policewoman
Meine Mutter ist krank. My mother is ill.
Meine Mutter ist gesund. My mother is healthy.
My mother is well.
Mein Vater ist Rentner. My father is a pensioner.
Mein Vater ist Lehrer. My father is a teacher.
Mein Vater ist hier. My father is here.
Mein Vater ist zuhause. My father is at home.

The conjugation of the German verb “sein”:

  • ich bin
  • du bist
  • er ist / sie ist / es ist
  • wir sind
  • ihr seid
  • sie sind

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At this point you should know enough to do this exercise:

 

Imagine you’re sitting at a table, perhaps with a steaming cup of tea or coffee in front of you, and a good friend just asked you “What about your family? You never told me anything about them.”

What would you say, if you’d have to answer him in German?

Write it down on a piece of paper or in your exercise book.

Step 2 – Filling out forms / das Ausfüllen von Formularen

Being able to fill out forms, is very important in the daily grind. Although it’s an annoying task, we have to know how to do it. At least it’s relatively easy…

You just have to know what information has to be inserted into which form field. Some words that could help you, are these:

TOPICS

 – personal information –

Deutsch: English:
Adresse (f) address
aktuelle Adresse (f) current address
Name (m) name
Vorname (m) first name
Mittelname (m) middle name
Nachname (m) surname,
family name
Straße (f) street,
road
Hausnummer (f) house number
Postleitzahl (f) postal code
Stadt (f) city
Bundesland (n) state,
federal state
Land (n) country
Geburtsort (m) place of birth,
birthplace
Geburtsland (n) country of birth
Geburtsjahr (n) year of birth
Geburtsdatum (n) date of birth
Telefonnummer (f) telephone number,
phone number
Faxnummer (f) facsimile number,
fax number
E-Mail-Adresse (f),
E-Mail Adresse
e-mail address,
email address
Staatsangehörigkeit (f) nationality
Religion (f) religion
Geschlecht (n) sex
Parteizugehörigkeit (f) party affiliation,
political affiliation,
party membership
Familienstand (m) marital status
Kinder (pl),
Kind (n)
children (pl),
child
Alter (n) age
Sozialversicherungsnummer (f) social security number
Personalausweisnummer (f) identity card number
Versichertennummer (f) insurance number
Steueridentifikationsnummer (f),
Steuer-ID (f)
tax identification number

 

-career path-

Ausbildung (f) training,
education
Berufsausbildung (f) vocational training
Berufserfahrung (f) professional experience,
work experience
Berufstätigkeit (f) professional activity,
occupation,
job
Berufsweg (m) career path,
career,
occupational history
Fortbildung (f) training,
further training,
advanced training
Praktikum (n) internship,
traineeship
Sabbatjahr (n) sabbatical,
sabbatical year
Schulausbildung (f) school education,
schooling
Studium (n) studies (pl)
Qualifikation (f) qualification,
skill
Weiterbildung (f) training,
continuing education,
further training

-skills-

EDV-Kenntnisse (pl) computer skills,
computer literacy
Beratungskompetenz (f) advisory skills,
advisory expertise,
consulting skills,
consulting expertise
Fachkenntnisse (pl) expertise,
expert knowledge,
specialist knowledge,
specialized knowledge,
technical knowledge,
know-how
interkulturelle Kompetenz (f) intercultural competence,
intercultural skills,
cross-cultural competence
kommunikative Kompetenz (f) communicative competence,
communicative skills
Sozialkompetenz (f) social competence,
social skills,
soft skills,
interpersonal skills
Sprachkenntnisse (pl) language skills (pl)
strategische Kompetenz (f) strategic competence

-medical information-

Allergie (f) allergy
Anamnese (f),
Krankengeschichte (f)
anamnesis,
medical history
Arzt (m),
Doktor (m)
doctor,
physician
Blutdruck (m) blood pressure
Blutgruppe (f) blood group,
blood type
Bluthochdruck (m) high blood pressure,
hypertension
Blutkrankheit (f) blood disease,
blood disorder
BMI,
Body-Mass-Index (m)
body mass index,
BMI
Diabetes (n) diabetes
Diagnose (f) diagnosis
Facharzt (m) specialist,
medical specialist,
specialist physician
Hausarzt (m) family doctor,
physician,
GP,
general practitioner
Krankheit (f) illness,
disease,
sickness
Krankenhaus (n) hospital,
clinic
Krankenhausaufenthalt (m) hospital stay,
hospitalisation,
hospitalization
niedriger Blutdruck (m) low blood pressure,
hypotension
Schwangerschaft (f) pregnancy
Übergewicht (n) overweight
übertragbare Krankheit (f) communicable disease,
infectious disease
Untergewicht (n) underweight

– additional information –

allgemeine Geschäftsbedingungen
AGB (f)
terms and conditions
Datenschutz (m) data protection
Kündigung (f) termination,
cancellation
Widerruf (m) revocation,
withdrawal
Widerrufsrecht (n) right of revocation,
right of withdrawal

 

Please note:

You do not necessarily have to fill in every field.

If in doubt, ask the person who told you to fill out the form.

They are probably getting paid to answer your questions.

Question words – Fragewörter

Learning German includes learning about questions words, the so-called “Fragewörter”. To my mind, that’s a good reason to take a closer look at some  question words:

Fragewort: Equivalent English words:
Wann… ? When… ?
Warum… ? Why… ?
Was… ? What… ?
Welcher… ?
Welche… ?
Welches… ?
Which… ?
What… ?
Wem… ? Whom…?
Who…to..?
To whom..?
Wen… ? Who… ?
Whom… ?
Wer.. ? Who… ?
Wessen… ? Whose… ?
Wie… ? How… ?
Wo… ? Where… ?
Woher… ? From where… ?
Wohin… ? Where…  ?
Whereto… ?